Global Initiatives


Ecuador

South America, specifically Ecuador, served as International Medical Aid’s first target country and the site of IMA’s first health campaign. Ecuador is among the poorest countries in Latin America, with a per capita income of less than $5000. The current structure of the Ecuadorian public healthcare system is archaic, with origins dating back to 1967. Public health policies and regulations are mandated by the Ministerio de Salud Publica del Ecuador, which according to Transparency International is plagued by widespread corruption and mismanagement.

Government decentralization efforts under President Rafael Correa have created greater fragmentation in the healthcare system. Despite a universal healthcare system, many Ecuadorians continue to lack access to even basic healthcare and wellness resources. In rural areas and among indigenous populations, access to routine medical care is even less common. The World Health Organization estimates that healthcare spending per capita in Ecuador is less than $130, compared to nearly $400 in nearby Argentina. In comparison, Ecuador spends 47 times less on healthcare per person than the United States. As a result, there are fewer than 1.5 hospital beds and doctors per every 1000 people, and the infant mortality rate in Ecuador is among the highest in South America.

Overall, Ecuador’s public healthcare system serves less than half of the country’s population. Established NGOs work to fill this gap but currently only reach an additional 5% of the population. Rural inhabitants and migrant workers, including many women and children, are systematically the most underserved groups, making mobile healthcare facilities and outreach programs a promising prospect to improve overall health in Ecuador.

South America Global Initiatives

Approach

IMA launched its operations in Ecuador in the spring of 2012 through a partnership with an established non-governmental group known as UBECI or United to Benefit Ecuadorian Children, International. UBECI is an organization serving low-income children and their families in Quito and the surrounding rural communities. UBECI engages experienced educators, social workers and international volunteers to provide recreational activities, educational resources and mentorship for at-risk children and adolescents, many of whom began working in the street markets at a young age. The children with whom UBECI works seldom have access to basic medical care or hygiene resources. Working in tangent with UBECI and leveraging this organization’s relationships within the markets, International Medical Aid strives to improve the health and outlook of the populations already served by UBECI through carefully developed and strategically executed initiatives.

South America Global Initiatives

Key Facts

South America Map
Total Population (2012) 37.2 million
Population under 15 (2012) 30 %
Population distribution
urban (2012)
67 %
Life expectancy at birth (2012)
Total 76
Male 73
Female 79
Maternal morality ratio per
100,000 live births (2012)
110
Under 5 morality rate per
1000 live births (2012)
23
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2010) 7.9 %
General government expenditure
on health as % of general expenditure (2012)
7.7 %
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
per capita (2012)
$8,510
Human Development Index rank out of 186 countries (2012) 89
Adult (15+) literacy rate (2012) 92 %
Population with sustainable access
to improved drinking water (2012)
92 %
Population with sustainable access
to improved sanitation (2012)
93 %
Sources:
1 World Health Statistics, 2013
2 Human Development Report UNDP, 2013