Global Initiatives


Peru

Peru is known for its vibrant and ancient culture, including the Inca Empire. Situated on South America’s west coast, Peru’s location boasts biodiversity including the Peruvian beaches, the Andes Mountains and the Amazonia jungle. Peru moved away from an authoritarian rule in 1945 after 20 years of dictatorship. However, the extreme poverty of its indigenous cultures lead to ruthless guerrilla organizations that began trying to overthrow the republic government in 1980 and illegal coca production.

Although the poverty rate has dropped overall in the last decade, disparity is still apparent between urban and rural communities. In order to help support their families, impoverished children have dropped out of school, either temporarily or permanently, to work. This lack of education has exacerbated poverty in rural areas.

The health care system is decentralized into different divisions of both public and private sectors. However, lack of trained healthcare professionals and insufficient funding means the needs of patients are not being met. Approximately 80% of the country’s physicians work in the coastal region which is home to just over 50% of the total population. In the last decade, the implementation of universal health insurance further amplified the need for trained medical staff. Currently, the government is attempting to alleviate staffing issues by incentivizing professionals to work in rural areas and re-allocating services evenly across the country.

South America Global Initiatives

Approach

IMA launched its operations in Peru in the spring of 2012 through a partnership with an established non-governmental group known as UBECI or United to Benefit Ecuadorian Children, International. UBECI is an organization serving low-income children and their families in Quito and the surrounding rural communities. UBECI engages experienced educators, social workers and international volunteers to provide recreational activities, educational resources and mentorship for at-risk children and adolescents, many of whom began working in the street markets at a young age. The children with whom UBECI works seldom have access to basic medical care or hygiene resources. Working in tangent with UBECI and leveraging this organization’s relationships within the markets, International Medical Aid strives to improve the health and outlook of the populations already served by UBECI through carefully developed and strategically executed initiatives.

South America Global Initiatives

Key Facts

South America Map
Total Population (2013) 30.3 million
Population under 15 (2013) 28.8 %
Life expectancy at birth (2013) 79
Maternal morality ratio per
100,000 live births (2013)
89
Under 5 morality rate per
1000 live births (2013)
13
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2013) 5.3 %
Population, as a %, below international poverty line of U.S. $1.25 per day (2011) 4.9 %
Human Development Index rank out of 186 countries (2013) 77
Adult (15+) literacy rate (2012) 94 %
Youth male (15-24 years) literacy rate (2012) 98 %
Youth female (15-24 years) literacy rate (2012) 96.7 %
Population with sustainable access
to improved drinking water (2011)
85.3 %
Population with sustainable access
to improved sanitation (2012)
71.6 %

Sources:
1 WHO Peru Statistical Profile, 2015, 2013
2 UNDP Human Development Report re: Peru, 2013
3 UNICEF Peru Statistics, 2013
5 UNHCR Country Operations Profile Peru, 2015
6 The World Fact Book: Peru, 2015