Global Initiatives

Haiti

The Caribbean is a diverse region consisting of several hundred islands with differing economic and political systems. Among these islands, Haiti is situated between Cuba and Puerto Rico. Founded in the 18th century following a slave revolt, Haiti declared its independence in 1804 and became the first post-colonial black-led nation in the world. Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and continues to be plagued by social and political instability.

In January 2010, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck the island nation, claiming the lives of at least 250,000 people and leaving an additional 1.65 million people homeless according to the United Nations. Considerable global attention and funds were directed to Haiti in the days and months after this earthquake. Since then, however, Haiti has received much less media attention despite a continuing need in the country.

Today, Haiti remains among the poorest countries in the world with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of $760 compared to $52,340 in the United States. Major infrastructure deficits, poor nutrition and inadequate health services have further deteriorated conditions in this country. Malnutrition combined with a high incidence of infectious diseases and a fundamental lack of access to healthcare services have led to thousands of preventable deaths a year.

 

Caribbean Initiatives

Approach

Haiti is IMA’s most recent target country with operations beginning in May 2013. Working with established in-country partners, IMA engages local leaders and healthcare providers to deploy mobile medical and hygiene clinics in rural areas near the city of Carrefour. Recognizing the large-scale need in this area, IMA has expedited its growth in the region, doubling the number of clinics conducted over the course of a single year. In order to better understand the needs and current conditions in Carrefour, IMA has begun integrating a Comprehensive Public Health Survey into our Haiti Health Campaign. Using carefully designed survey questions, IMA seeks to better understand the overall condition of the community in order to provide more tailored and timely care.

Who We Are

Key Facts

Caribbean Electives
Total Population (2012)10,174,000
Population under 15 (2012)30%
Population distribution
urban (2012)
55%
Life expectancy at birth (2012) 
Male73
Female79
Maternal mortality ratio per
100,000 live births (2012)
420
Under 5 mortality rate per
1000 live births (2012)
76
Total expenditure on health
as % of GDP (2010)
6.4 %
General government expenditure on health as % of general expenditure (2012)5.5 %
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
per capita (USD) (2012)
$8,510
Human Development Index rank out of 186 countries (2012)161
Adult (15+) literacy rate (2012)48.7 %
Source:

World Health Statistics, 2013
World Bank, 2012

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